What do you think the most interesting and extremely rare genetic disorders are? If you read Insider Monkey’s latest article you can learn more about this arresting topic. A genetic disorder is a cause of DNA mutation and there are various factors as to why this kind of mutation happens. This can be inherited when a genetic disorder runs in the family or it can be acquired for some reason or another. One big factor, however, is the environment. Things like radiation exposure or other pollutants such as cigarette smoke, can result in genetic mutations, and 1in 10 Americans are affected by rare diseases according to Global Genes. The organization also says there are different rare genetic disorders affecting people all over the world.
Now without a further ado let’s see what Insider Monkey has investigated for us. We have picked three of the most interesting and extremely rare genetic disorders from their list.
The first one is Ichthyosis, Harlequin Type. Harlequin Ichtyosis is a genetic disorder that affects the skin, and a baby can be born with this skin disorder as it can be inherited. The thick, plate-like skin covering the newborn baby will eventually peel off and the skin appears dry and red. Because of this, thorough care must be given to the infant to avoid any infections. This tight skin can deform the face and body where the eyes and lips turn inside out showing the red lining. Difficulty in breathing can also be experienced. The next rare genetic disroder is Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. The subdivisions of this disorder are arthrochalasia type, cardiac valvular form, classic type, dermatosparaxis type, hypermobility type, kyphoscoliotic type, progeroid form, and vascular type. EDS symptoms depend on what subtype the person has, but they can range from chronic joint pain to fragility of the skin. At last, but not least there is CDASIL. Cerebral Autosomal-Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy is what the abbreviation CADASIL means. This rare genetic disorder affects the brain, particularly the small blood vessels in it. Stroke, cognitive impairment, migraine with aura, and psychiatric disturbances are symptoms of a person with CADASIL.
For any further useful information, read Insider Monkey’s article about 10 most interesting and extremely rare genetic disorders.